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A
Asexual Reproduction: Reproduces by itself.
Amphibians:Chordates that lay eggs in water, are cold blooded, and skin allows oxygen to defuse through it.
Allele: each version of your personal traits are called alleles; you get one from your mom and one from your dad
Autotrophic: Make their own food (ex. Plants using photosynthesis).
Asexual Reproduction: Reproduces by itself.

B
Bacteriology: Study of bacteria
Biology: Study of living things
Botany: Study of plants


C

calcium:a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust
Chromosome: A strand of DNA that contains the instructions or genes for several traits

Cell Membrane: Holds the cell together. (keeps good thing in and bad things out)

Chloroplasts: Doesn't photosynthesis her.(makes food)
Cell Wall: Gives the cell and plant structure.



D
DNA: set of instructions located in the nucleus of every cell
Dominant allele: this is the form of a trait that will always show up if it is present


E
Echinoderms:Any of numerous radially symmetrical marine invertebrates of the phylum Echinodermata, which includes the starfishes, sea urchins, and sea cucumbers, having an internal calcareous skeleton and often covered with spines.
Eukaryotic: Has a nucleus in its cells
Entomology: study of insects
Endoplasmic Reticulum: Delivers the proteins to their destination.
Exoskeleton: Skeleton outside of the body
ecology: study of the realationship between organisms and their enviorment


F
Filter Feeders: Animals that feeds on particles or small organisms strained out of water. Ex: porifera.

G
Gastropod: A mllusk subphyla. Latin name translation-belly foot
Gills: Slits in a fish that help them breath.
Gene: A piece of the instructions that will determine one trait, such as attached or unattached ears
Genotype: Chromosomes that determine a specific characteristic or trait
Genetics: study of genes
Golgi Body: Labels the proteins for where they should go.

H
Homozygous: is an individual who has two of the same alleles for a specific trait
herpetology: study of amfibians and reptiles
Heterozygous: this is an individual who has one allele hidden
Heterotrophic: Need to obtain food from outside sources (ex. Eating)
herpetology: study of amfibians and reptiles

I
Incubate: Keep warm
icthyology: study of fish
J

K

L

Lysosome: Mostly in animal cells-breaks up large and harmfull bacteria.


M
Mammals: any vertebrate of the class Mammalia, having the body more or less covered with hair, noursing the young with milk from the mammary glands, and, with the exception of the egg-laying monotremes, giving birth to live young.
Multicellular: Made up of more than one cell
Mollusks: Latin word mollis means soft. They are soft bodied creatures that live in the ocean and on land.
Molting: Growing out of skin and growing a new one
Mitochondria: Slipts apart food and creates energy.
Microbiology: study of tiny organisms
Mycology: study of fungi
Mammology: study of mammals
N

O

Onithology: study if birds


P
Phentoype: what an organism looks like as a result of its genotype
Pedigree: a chart of an individual's ancestors used in human genetics
Prokaryotic: Has no nucleus in its cells
Photosynthesis: The process by which plants make their own food.
physiology: study the functions of living organisms
Q

R

Radial symmetry: Symmetry all around
Recessive allele: this is the form of the trait that will be covered up or not used by your body.
Ribosomes: Makes proteins for cells.

S
Swim bladder: An air filled structure in many fish that helps them maintain boyancy, or in some species, to aid in respiration.
Sex cell: A cell that only has half of the instructions because it will meet with another sex cell to make an individual. For example, an ovum or a sperm.
Sexual Reproduction: Reproduction involving the union of two gametes (tiny seeds)

T

U

V

Vacuoles: Store food, water, and waste.



W

X

Y

Z